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San Francisco uses parking spaces to gamify mobility

Posted April 03, 2018 in Articles

Author: Ethan Goffman

It’s no secret that San Francisco is growing. The California city is projected to add some 190,000 jobs and 100,000 homes by 2040 – which means massive congestion.

To brace themselves, the city is requiring that new construction build fewer parking spaces, or else encourage alternatives to solo car trips, by using a Transportation Demand Management (TDM) points system.

For an eligible building, the number of parking spaces is cross-indexed against building type—retail, office, residential or other—to create a target number of points. Having more parking spaces mandates more TDM measures. For instance, a residential building with five or fewer spaces must provide 10 points worth of TDM measures, while one with 16 to 20 spaces must provide 13 points of such measures.

Points can be earned by subsidizing transit or bikeshare; improving walking conditions; adding biking facilities; providing car share membership; adding van pools, shuttles, or car sharing; unbundling parking; adding on-site affordable housing; and a few other measures. So, for instance, bicycle parking can be worth 1 to 4 points.

This isn’t the first program to “gamify” TDM: Arlington Transportation Partners has used the Champions program to successfully encourage Arlington organizations to adopt TDM practices, like biking and carsharing.

But San Francisco’s incentive system is the first mandatory one. “This is actually a regulatory program,” said Corey Teague, Assistant Zoning Administrator of the San Francisco Planning Department. In other words, the city has mandated certain standards that eligible buildings must meet.

However, “project sponsors or property owners get to choose how they meet their requirements,” said Audrey Harris, Transportation Demand Management Performance Manager of the San Francisco Planning Department. Buildings can design an individual plan based on circumstances and preferences.

For the TDM program to apply, a new construction must have at least 10 dwelling units or bedrooms if it’s residential or 10,000 square feet if it’s non-residential. In addition, buildings that change use—say, from a warehouse to an office building—must follow the TDM program if they occupy at least 25,000 square feet.

Because the plan only came into effect recently—it is “a year young,” said Harris—the monitoring process has just begun and it is too early to draw conclusions about its effectiveness.

Therefore, San Francisco will be closely following up, gathering data, to learn as much as possible about best practices. “One of the great things about this program,” said Teague, is that “as more and more projects come online” the city will gather data and analysis to answer what “is most effective and why.” Measures then can be improved, and data concerning best practices can be shared.

Direct measurements, for instance of bicycle trips caused by specific building plans, are difficult. Therefore, monitoring will depend largely on intercept surveys, where researchers “stop people as they’re coming in and out of specific buildings, and you actually ask them,” said Teague. Other potential methods being discussed include special surveys and travel journals.

Monitoring and measuring are crucial not only for improving the program in San Francisco but in demonstrating its viability elsewhere. San Francisco’s plan differs from other cities that use voluntary measures, often in conjunction with employers. Might this be the beginning of a new standard practice?

“We definitely have received a lot of feedback from other municipalities, other jurisdictions who have a lot of interest in the program,” said Teague. The new plan may thus be the start of a trend that gets more out of public transit, biking, and walkability, making for healthier, happier cities.

Original Article: https://mobilitylab.org/2018/04/03/san-francisco-uses-parking-spaces-gamify-mobility/?utm_source=%23132+-+April+15%2C+2018&utm_campaign=%23132&utm_medium=email

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βœ… stop requested βœ… out of hub Happy Valentine’s Day πŸ’•πŸ’•πŸ’•

βœ… stop requested βœ… out of hub Happy Valentine’s Day πŸ’•πŸ’•πŸ’•

Thursday, February 14 2019 | 1:00pm

Mayfield at Circle.

Mayfield at Circle.

Mayfield at Circle.

Wednesday, February 13 2019 | 5:03pm

Like a goat on a snow covered mountainside! #wintercommute #walkabilityhacks #yaktracks #pleaseclearyoursidewalks

Like a goat on a snow covered mountainside! #wintercommute #walkabilityhacks #yaktracks #pleaseclearyoursidewalks

Like a goat on a snow covered mountainside! #wintercommute #walkabilityhacks #yaktracks #pleaseclearyoursidewalks

Tuesday, January 22 2019 | 11:57am

*On the importance of marking crosswalks.* What a driver sees (top picture) versus what a pedestrian sees (bottom picture).

*On the importance of marking crosswalks.* What a driver sees (top picture) versus what a pedestrian sees (bottom picture).

*On the importance of marking crosswalks.* What a driver sees (top picture) versus what a pedestrian sees (bottom picture).

Friday, December 28 2018 | 10:40am

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Friday, August 17 2018 | 10:49am

Company bike fleet βœ… employee showers βœ… @uhbikes corporate sponsorship βœ… monthly cash out for alternative commuters βœ… congratul...

Company bike fleet βœ… employee showers βœ… @uhbikes corporate sponsorship βœ… monthly cash out for alternative commuters βœ… congratulations to @universitycircle for the #BikeFriendlyBusiness silver-level designation! #uGObybike #TDM #bicyclefriendly @BikeLeague

Company bike fleet βœ… employee showers βœ… @uhbikes corporate sponsorship βœ… monthly cash out for alternative commuters βœ… congratulations to @universitycircle for the #BikeFriendlyBusiness silver-level designation! #uGObybike #TDM #bicyclefriendly @BikeLeague

Tuesday, August 7 2018 | 2:39pm

Bold & bright 😍

Bold & bright 😍

Bold & bright 😍

Tuesday, July 24 2018 | 3:12pm

Centric is going to add 270+ units adjacent to the @ridertacleveland Little Italy rapid station and provide indoor bike storage for res...

Centric is going to add 270+ units adjacent to the @ridertacleveland Little Italy rapid station and provide indoor bike storage for residents. Opening in August 2018! @bike_cle #transitoriented #urban #livenearwork #multimodal

Centric is going to add 270+ units adjacent to the @ridertacleveland Little Italy rapid station and provide indoor bike storage for residents. Opening in August 2018! @bike_cle #transitoriented #urban #livenearwork #multimodal

Tuesday, May 15 2018 | 8:48am

May Mobility is piloting level 4 autonomous electric shuttles in Detroit. Wouldn’t this be cool in @universitycircle? #futureisnow

May Mobility is piloting level 4 autonomous electric shuttles in Detroit. Wouldn’t this be cool in @universitycircle? #futureisnow

May Mobility is piloting level 4 autonomous electric shuttles in Detroit. Wouldn’t this be cool in @universitycircle? #futureisnow

Wednesday, April 25 2018 | 5:28pm

Can’t wait for @cwru and @clevelandclinic to open the Health Education Campus in Summer 2019. It’s conveniently located right on @G...

Can’t wait for @cwru and @clevelandclinic to open the Health Education Campus in Summer 2019. It’s conveniently located right on @GCRTA HealthLine with high frequency transit service to downtown and University Circle. #Innovation #future #developmentgoals #partnership #TOD

Can’t wait for @cwru and @clevelandclinic to open the Health Education Campus in Summer 2019. It’s conveniently located right on @GCRTA HealthLine with high frequency transit service to downtown and University Circle. #Innovation #future #developmentgoals #partnership #TOD

Tuesday, February 20 2018 | 3:36pm

Log your carpool trips on Gohio Commute between Feb 1-14 (with or without your Valentine πŸ˜‰) for a chance to win a $100 restaurant gi...

Log your carpool trips on Gohio Commute between Feb 1-14 (with or without your Valentine πŸ˜‰) for a chance to win a $100 restaurant gift card!

Log your carpool trips on Gohio Commute between Feb 1-14 (with or without your Valentine πŸ˜‰) for a chance to win a $100 restaurant gift card!

Monday, January 29 2018 | 3:14pm

Tomorrow is a great day to leave your car buried in snow and take @GCRTA to work. Check out your options http://ow.ly/C7OE30hsdhJ

Tomorrow is a great day to leave your car buried in snow and take @GCRTA to work. Check out your options http://ow.ly/C7OE30hsdhJ

Tomorrow is a great day to leave your car buried in snow and take @GCRTA to work. Check out your options http://ow.ly/C7OE30hsdhJ

Wednesday, December 27 2017 | 2:38pm

On the 2nd day of #HolidayCircleFest, my true love gave to me, 3 types of shuttles, 2 🐴 drawn carriages and @UHBikes to get from A t...

On the 2nd day of #HolidayCircleFest, my true love gave to me, 3 types of shuttles, 2 🐴 drawn carriages and @UHBikes to get from A to B ❄️

On the 2nd day of #HolidayCircleFest, my true love gave to me, 3 types of shuttles, 2 🐴 drawn carriages and @UHBikes to get from A to B ❄️

Sunday, December 3 2017 | 1:51pm

Have a great Thanksgiving holiday!

Have a great Thanksgiving holiday!

Have a great Thanksgiving holiday!

Tuesday, November 21 2017 | 9:12am

Cross safely friends! The ped improvement at MLK + Carnegie is now complete πŸ˜€πŸ‘Œ

Cross safely friends! The ped improvement at MLK + Carnegie is now complete πŸ˜€πŸ‘Œ

Cross safely friends! The ped improvement at MLK + Carnegie is now complete πŸ˜€πŸ‘Œ

Friday, November 17 2017 | 3:20pm

Where do uGO by bike? Reply with your suggestions for new rack locations in Uptown! @bike_cle

Where do uGO by bike? Reply with your suggestions for new rack locations in Uptown! @bike_cle

Where do uGO by bike? Reply with your suggestions for new rack locations in Uptown! @bike_cle

Thursday, November 9 2017 | 11:10am

Ride in style, park in style 🍎& check out ugointhecircle.com to find high capacity bike parking near your top UC destinations!

Ride in style, park in style 🍎& check out ugointhecircle.com to find high capacity bike parking near your top UC destinations!

Ride in style, park in style 🍎& check out ugointhecircle.com to find high capacity bike parking near your top UC destinations!

Thursday, October 26 2017 | 3:00pm

I spy three BlueLink stops co-located with RTA stops in beautiful #Coventry @clevelandheightsohio @universitycircle

I spy three BlueLink stops co-located with RTA stops in beautiful #Coventry @clevelandheightsohio @universitycircle

I spy three BlueLink stops co-located with RTA stops in beautiful #Coventry @clevelandheightsohio @universitycircle

Wednesday, October 18 2017 | 12:16pm

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